By the end of 2nd Grade, a student will:

Spelling/Language Arts

  • Identify and write contractions of words
  • Create meaningful compound words
  • Define and identify prefixes and suffixes
  • Write a friendly letter, thank you, and invitation identify the heading, body, and closing and address an envelope correctly
  • Edit sentences, paragraphs, and stories
  • Identify the present and past tense of verbs
  • Differentiate and use synonyms, antonyms, and homonyms
  • Recognize and use these parts of speech properly: nouns, verbs, adverbs, adjectives, and pronouns


  • Identify, read, and write the numeral of a given number up to 999 and tell the place value of each digit
  • Estimate and find the sum or difference of two three-digit numbers with no more than one regrouping
  • Give the addition-subtraction fact family for any basic addition or subtraction fact
  • Find the missing addend in an addition or subtraction sentence
  • Identify the numbers that are odd or even in a set of whole numbers
  • Skip count by 2, 3, 5, 10
  • Estimate and measure the capacity of a container to the nearest liter, quart, pint, or cup
  • Locate the graph of an ordered pair of whole numbers from 0 to 15 and determine the coordinates of a given first quadrant point


  • Identify and read contractions of words
  • Identify the main idea and significant details of a selection
  • Sequence sentences in a story
  • Suggest alternative story endings
  • Read a simple dialogue for three or four characters in a play


  • Recognize living and nonliving things in an environment
  • Describe weathering and erosion
  • Tell what fossils are and how they were formed
  • Define the term endangered and identify some of the reasons why certain animals are in danger of extinction
  • Describe how changing seasons affect plants and animals
  • Classify objects according to their properties
  • Identify objects as solids, liquids, and gasses
  • Describe how polluted air and water can be harmful to living things

Social Studies

  • Identify the location of their neighborhood (community) and its relationship to familiar landmarks on a simple map
  • Tell how neighbors (communities) must work together to meet challenges
  • Recognize that rules and laws help people get along with one another
  • Define income, budget, and savings
  • Understand that people produce goods and services that are bought by others to meet their needs and wants
  • Recognize holidays that honor important people and events from the past
  • Identify directions on a map
  • Locate major world physical features on a map using symbols in a map key
  • Recognize reasons the American settlers wanted to be free