By the end of 1st Grade, a student will:

Spelling/Language Arts

  • Write legibly in manuscript, using appropriate size, shape, and spacing
  • Copy simple paragraphs from the chalkboard onto paper
  • Write simple sentences correctly by beginning with a capital letter including a logical thought, and closing with a period, question mark, or exclamation point
  • Identify nouns, pronouns, and adjectives in a simple sentence
  • Use capital letters in the first word of a sentence, names, months, and days
  • Use the elements of paralanguage (pitch and rhythm) in speech to convey meaning
  • Put words in ABC order (1st letter)
  • Recognize rhyming words, compound words, contractions, and opposite words


  • Identify and write the numeral of a given set of tens and ones to 99 and tell the place value of each digit of the numeral
  • Place the whole numbers to 99 in correct position on a number line
  • Identify a number which is 10 or more or 10 less than a given one or two digit on a list of numerals written in a row
  • Relate a basic addition or subtraction fact to a number line illustration of that fact
  • Give the sum or difference of multi-digit numbers without regrouping
  • Write a numeral sentence from a given verbal statement involving addition or subtraction and develop verbal statements to match given simple number sentences (look for clue words)
  • Order a set of objects by length, width, weight or any measurable attribute
  • Construct, read, and interpret the data on a bar graph
  • Give the value of a set of coins including pennies, nickels, dimes, and quarters
  • Tell time on a standard clock with hour and minute hands
  • Read a thermometer (Fahrenheit)


  • Identify long and short vowels
  • Read and pronounce consonant blends, digraph, and diphthong sounds
  • Determine the number of syllables in a word
  • Use phonic and structural and semantic and syntactic clues to decode unknown words
  • Distinguish fantasy and realism in stories
  • Identify the setting of a story
  • Read orally with expression


  • Use science inquiry to answer questions about our natural world
  • Identify the parts of a plan and explain their function
  • Explain the life cycle of a plant
  • Identify different groups of animals: mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish; and name characteristics unique to each group
  • Recognize the difference between living and nonliving things and the characteristics of each
  • Identify a natural resource as something from Earth that people use: air, water, land, rocks, soil
  • Describe reusing, recycling, and reducing as ways people can help take care of the world God created.
  • Describe the water cycle using a diagram
  • Classify objects as magnetic and nonmagnetic
  • Identify heat, light, and sound as forms of energy

Social Studies

  • Understand that transportation, clothing, and housing for families have changed
  • Understand that maps and gloves can show relative sizes and distances, landforms, and bodies of water
  • Understand the difference between a need and a want
  • Understand that family members work in many types of jobs in our community and that families and individuals make choices
  • Distinguish between land and water masses
  • Read and use maps of the world, United States, school, and classroom
  • Describe the history, life, and culture of Native Americans
  • Understand the activities of the pioneers
  • Identify the continent of North America; the country of the United States of America; the state of Missouri; and the city of St. Louis