By the end of 5th Grade, a student will:

Spelling/Language Arts

• Use a dictionary to define and spell words
• Understand grammar, parts of speech, word usage, mechanics of writing and punctuation
• Make evaluative judgments of fact or opinion when reading
• Form generalizations from given details
• Write to express feelings or opinions
• Show an increasing awareness of the value of social conversation for sharing information or persuading others
• Write limericks and Haiku according to established patterns

Mathematics

• Estimate and find the quotient of any whole number divided by a one or two digit whole number
• Identify the place value of digits in a decimal to thousandths
• State the number obtained when a whole number or decimal is multiplied or divided by a power of ten
• Order three or more decimal numerals or fractions from least to greatest
• Convert a common fraction or mixed numeral to a decimal (to thousandths) and conversely
• Estimate and calculate the area of a rectangle, triangle, or parallelogram
• Approximate the volume of a figure
• Estimate and measure the number of degrees in an angle and recognize that the sum of the interior angles of a triangle is 180 degrees
• Use a compass and straight edge to construct a line segment given its end point and a circle given a certain radius
• Read and interpret the data on a line graph, bar graph, and circle graph
• Find the arithmetic mean, median, mode, and large (average) of a set of numbers in decimal notation

Reading

• Distinguish between a simile and a metaphor
• Preview and skim expository selections
• Form generalizations from given information
• Infer a time sequence in a story
• Know how to identify the elements of a plot – introduction, conflict, climax, and resolution
• Know how to use an index and glossary
• Increase vocabulary knowledge through each story presented
• Identify cause and effect relationship to stories

Science

• List examples of compound machines and identify several simple machines in each example
• Use a lever to show the work is conserved in the system: work in = work out, and explain that force may be exchanged for distance and visa versa
• Measure the amount of work done in lifting an object
• Compare and contrast food chain and food webs
• Develop a food web given a group of forest or ocean organisms
• Demonstrate the difference between potential and kinetic energy and explain how, when energy is transferred from one form to another, it is still conserved

Social Studies

• Identify and use scales, keys, and symbols on a map
• Read contour maps
• Identify the main climate zones
• Observe that the countries of the Western Hemisphere depend on one another for many things
• Explain how a country’s economy is based on their natural and human resources
• Describe the physical land features (e.g., river, mountains, etc.) and climates of the countries in the Western Hemisphere
• Locate and label countries and major cities of the Western Hemisphere.