By the end of 8th Grade, a student will:

Spelling/Language Arts

• Understand grammar, parts of speech, word usage, mechanics for writing, and punctuation
• Write a 6-8 page research paper
• Learn the elements of effective speech making
• Read and complete job application forms
• Write two to four page creative stories
• Give informative and demonstrative speeches

Mathematics

• Find the mean, median, and mode of a set of data
• Add, subtract, multiply, and divide whole numbers, integers, fractions, and decimals
• Evaluate numerical and algebraic expressions
• Use addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division to solve single and multi-step equations involving whole numbers, integers, fractions, and decimals
• Find the least common multiple and the greatest common factor prime factorization using exponents
• Change numbers expressed in scientific notation into standard form and vica versa
• Determine the slope, x and y axes of a given linear equation
• Convert between percents, decimals, and fractions
• Find circumference, radius, and diameter of a circle
• Use formulas to find area, surface area and volume of geometric figures

• Identify the literary techniques used by the authors of various selections
• Understand various literature terms such as alliteration, foreshadowing, imagery, irony, mood, protagonist, antagonist, etc.
• Identify the fantasy, realistic fiction, essays and anecdotes and non-fiction literature
• Summarize books in an appropriate form
• Identify major elements of a book or play
• Read orally with purpose, emphasis, and expression
• Identify climax, anticlimax, and turning point of a story and how a character changes

Science

• Define an atom and a molecule and connect the names of compounds to their constituent atoms
• Construct molecular models of simple compounds based on their chemical formula
• Read basic weather instruments and weather maps
• Classify and identify according to hardness, cleavage, luster, streak, color, and specific gravity
• Explain how crystals, minerals, igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks are formed
• Demonstrate how solar and lunar eclipses can occur
• Describe the rock cycle and how rocks can turn into other rocks through various processes
• Name Earth’s layers and describe what they are made of

Social Studies

• Evaluate the institution of slavery
• Analyze the causes of the Civil War and its impact on life then and now
• Analyze technological change and the advancements and problems it can create
• Explain the contributions of railroads to American expansion of the 19th Century
• Discuss the problems caused by urban expansion
• Study the cause and the affect of the Westward Expansion
• Learn the U.S. Constitution